A hard stomach always is uncomfortable and painful for us. Many different conditions can bring on a hard stomach, but once patients know the cause, they can treat it easily.
First Reason is – Constipation
Constipation is a tough condition for people where it is difficult or painful to pass stools.
Symptoms of Constipation
- fewer than three bowel movements a week
- passing stools that are hard, dry, or lumpy
- pain or difficulty when passing stools
- a feeling that not all stools have passed
Treatment of Constipation
- Eat foods high in fiber
- Drink plenty of liquids
- Take part in more physical activity.
- Discuss with doctors, they may prescribe medications that soften stools
- Surgery in severe cases
Second Reason is Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
Experts are not sure how patients develop IBS, but they believe that several factors, such as motility, how the body interacts with the brain and gut, and distress, play a big role.
Irritable bowel syndrome is more common in females than males and becomes less common as people get older.
There are 3 different types of IBS:
- IBS-D, where diarrhea accompanies IBC
- IBS-C, where constipation accompanies IBC
- IBS-M, where mixed bowel patterns accompany IBC
Symptoms of Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
- pain or discomfort in the stomach
- constipation, diarrhea, or both
- bloating and enlargement of the stomach
- pain that may change location
- a change in stool pattern and frequency
Treatment of Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
- Doctors can only help relieve pain, bloating, cramping, and a person’s bowel patterns.
- Doctors recommend taking fiber supplements and laxatives for people who have IBS with constipation.
- For a patient with diarrhea, a doctor may recommend loperamide or probiotics.
- A low dose of tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs)
Third Reason is Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
Inflammatory bowel disease is where the gastrointestinal tract becomes inflamed due to the body’s immune system reacting to the microflora in the gut.
Conditions that a person might have with IBD
- ulcerative colitis
- Crohn’s disease.
Symptoms of Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
- loss of appetite
- weight loss
- nausea and fever
- bloody stools
- cramps and pains in the abdomen
People with Crohn’s disease may experience all or a few of the above, along with:
- a fistula, which is an abnormal connection of the intestine and other organs
Treatment of Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
- A doctor can help only through remission
- A doctor may prescribe aminosalicylates
- Doctors may prescribe corticosteroids
Fourth Reason is Gastric Cancer
Gastric cancer begins in the mucosa layer of the stomach, the innermost layer before it spreads through the different layers as it grows.
Symptoms of Gastric Cancer
- bloating and discomfort in the stomach
- nausea and loss of appetite
Patients who have a more advanced stage of gastric cancer may experience:
- blood in the stool
- vomiting and unintended weight loss
- stomach pain
- jaundice, which is a yellowing of the eyes and skin
- a build-up of fluid in the stomach
- trouble swallowing
Treatment of Gastric Cancer
- chemotherapy, wherein a patient takes drugs to stop cancer growth
- radiation therapy, wherein doctors attack cancer with X-rays or other types of radiation
- chemoradiation, a unique combination of chemotherapy and radiation therapy
- target therapy, wherein a patient takes drugs that attack specific cancer cells
- immunotherapy, wherein doctors boost a person’s immune system to fight cancer
When to consult with a doctor in Hard Stomach Feelings?
- blood in the stool
- unintended weight loss
- excessive pain in the stomach